實用必備:實驗室常用英語

容器類:

量杯 measuring cup

燒杯 beaker 不鏽鋼杯stainless-steel beaker

量筒 measuring flask/measuring cylinder 量筒 graduated flask/measuring cylinder

坩堝 crucible 坩堝鉗 crucible clamp 坩堝 crucible pot, melting pot

試管 test tube 試管架 test tube holder

漏鬥 funnel 分液漏鬥 separatory funnel

燒瓶 flask 錐形瓶 conical flask

塞子 stopper

洗瓶 plastic wash bottle

滴定管 burette

玻璃活塞 stopcock

冷凝器 condenser

試劑瓶 reagent bottles

玻棒 glass rod 攪拌棒stirring rod

蒸餾燒瓶 distilling flask

碘量瓶 iodine flask

表麵皿 watch glass

蒸發皿 evaporating dish

容量瓶 volumetric flask/measuring flask

移液管 (one-mark) pipette

刻度移液管 graduated pipettes

稱量瓶weighing bottle

吸液管pipette

濾管filter

天平 balance/scale

分析天平 analytical balance

台秤 platform balance

遊碼 crossbeams and sliding weights

酒精燈alcohol burner

酒精噴燈blast alcohol burner

攪拌裝置 stirring device

洗耳球 rubber suction bulb

研磨缽 mortar 研磨棒 pestle 瑪瑙研缽agate mortar

瓷器 porcelain

白細口瓶flint glass solution bottle with stopper

滴瓶 dropping bottle 小滴管 dropper

蒸餾裝置distilling apparatus

蒸發器 evaporator

試驗用器材:

升降台lab jack

鐵架台iron support

**夾extension clamp

蝴蝶夾double-buret clamp

雙頂絲clamp regular holder

止水夾flatjaw pinchcock

圓形漏鬥架cast-iron ring

移液管架pipet rack

試管架tube rack

沸石boiling stone

橡膠管rubber tubing

藥匙lab spoon

鑷子forceps

坩堝鉗crucible tong

剪刀scissor

打孔器stopper borer

石棉網asbestos-free wire gauze

電爐絲wire coil for heater

脫脂棉absorbent cottonph

ph試紙 universal ph indicator paper

濾紙 filter paper

稱量紙weighing paper

擦鏡紙wiper for lens

秒表stopwatch

量杯glass graduates with scale

白滴定管(酸) flint glass burette with glass stopcock

棕色滴定管(酸) brown glass burette with glass stopcock

白滴定管(堿) flint glass burette for alkali

棕色滴定管(堿) brown glass burette for alkali

比重瓶specific gravity bottle

水銀溫度計mercury-filled thermometer

ph計ph meter

折光儀refractometer

真空泵vacuum pump

冷、熱浴bath

離心機centrifuge

口罩respirator

防毒麵具respirator、gasmask

磁力攪拌器magnetic stirrer

電動攪拌器power basic stirrer

烘箱oven

閃點儀flash point tester

馬弗爐furnace

電爐 heater

微波爐電熱套heating mantle

Bunsen burner 本生燈

product 化學反應產物

apparatus 設備

PH indicator PH值指示劑,氫離子(濃度的)負指數指示劑

matrass 卵形瓶

litmus 石蕊

litmus paper 石蕊試紙

burette 滴定管

retort 曲頸甑

still 蒸餾釜

cupel 烤缽

化學反應:

analysis 分解

fractionation 分餾

endothermic reaction 吸熱反應

exothermic reaction 放熱反應

precipitation 沉澱

to precipitate 沉澱

to distil, to distill 蒸餾

distillation 蒸餾

to calcine 煆燒

to oxidize 氧化

alkalinization 堿化

to oxygenate, to oxidize 脫氧,氧化

to neutralize 中和

to hydrogenate 氫化

to hydrate 水合,水化

to dehydrate 脫水

fermentation 發酵

solution 溶解

combustion 燃燒

fusion, melting 熔解

alkalinity 堿性

isomerism, isomery 同分異物現象

hydrolysis 水解

electrolysis 電解

electrode 電極

anode 陽極,正極

cathode 陰極,負極

catalyst 催化劑

catalysis 催化作用

oxidization, oxidation 氧化

reducer 還原劑

dissolution 分解

synthesis 合成

reversible 可逆的

儀器中英文對照

Aging Property Tester 老化性能測定儀

Amino Acid Analyzer 氨基酸組成分析儀

Analyzer for Clinic Medicine Concentration 臨床藥物濃度儀

Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy 原子吸收光譜儀

Atomic Emission Spectrometer 原子發射光譜儀

Atomic Fluorescence Spectroscopy 原子熒光光譜儀

Automatic Titrator 自動滴定儀

Basic Physics 基本物理量測定

Biochemical Analyzer 生化分析儀

Biochemicalanalysis 生物技術分析

Bio-reactor 生物反應器

Blood-gas Analyzer 血氣分析儀

Centrifuge 離心機

ChemiluminescenceApparatus 化學發光儀

CHN Analysis 環境成分分析儀

CO2 Incubators CO2培養箱

Combustion PropertyTester 燃燒性能測定儀

Conductivity Meter 電導儀

Constant Temperature Circulator 恒溫循環泵

Direct Current Plasma Emission Spectrometer 直流等離子體發射光譜儀

DNA Sequencers DNA測序儀

DNA synthesizer DNA合成儀

Electrical Property Tester 電性能測定儀

Electro Microscopy 電子顯微鏡

Electrolytic Analyzer 電解質分析儀

Electron Energy Disperse Spectroscopy 電子能譜儀

Electron Paramagnetic ResonanceSpectrometer 電子順磁共振波譜儀

Electrophoresis 電泳

Electrophoresis System ag娱乐app

ELIASA 酶標儀

Energy Disperse Spectroscopy 能譜儀

Fermenter 發酵罐

Flow Analytical and Process AnalyticalChemistry 流動分析與過程分析

Fraction Collector 部分收集器

FreezeDrying Equipment 凍幹機

FT-IR Spectrometer 傅裏葉變換紅外光譜儀

FT-Raman Spectrometer 傅裏葉變換拉曼光譜儀

Gas Analysis 氣體分析

Gas Chromatograph 氣相色譜儀

GC-MS 氣相色譜-質譜聯用儀

Gel PermeationChromatograph 凝膠滲透色譜儀

HighPressure/Performance Liquid Chromatography 高壓/效液相色譜儀

Hybridization Oven 分子雜交儀

ICP-MS ICP-質譜聯用儀

Inductive Coupled Plasma Emission Spectrometer 電感偶合等離子體發射光譜儀

Instrument for Nondestructive Testing 無損檢測儀

Instrument for Polymerase Chain Reaction PCR儀

Inverted Microscope 倒置顯微鏡

Ion Chromatograph 離子色譜儀

Isotope X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer 同位素X熒光光譜儀

LC-MS 液相色譜-質譜聯用儀

Mass Spectrometer 質譜儀

Mechanical Property Tester 機械性能測定儀

Metal/material elemental analysis 金屬/材料元素分析儀

Metallurgical Microscopy 金相顯微鏡

Microwave Inductive Plasma Emission Spectrometer 微波等離子體光譜儀

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometer 核磁共振波譜儀

Optical Microscopy 光學顯微鏡

Optical PropertyTester 光學性能測定儀

Other/Miscellaneous 其他

Particle Size Analyzer 粒度分析儀

PCR Amplifier PCR儀

Peptide synthesizer 多肽合成儀

pH Meter pH計

PhysicalProperty Analysis 物性分析

Polarograph 極譜儀

Protein Sequencer 氨基酸測序儀

Rheometer 流變儀

Sample Handling 樣品處理

Scanning Probe MicroscopyFG|8oU 掃描探針顯微鏡

Sensors 傳感器

Sequencers and Synthesizers for DNA and Protein DNA及蛋白質的測序和合成儀

Shaker 搖床

Size Exclusion Chromatograph 體積排阻色譜

Surface Science 表麵科學

SurfaceAnalyzer 表麵分析儀

Thermal Analyzer 熱分析儀

Thermal Physical Property Tester 熱物理性能測定儀

Ultrahigh Purity Filter 超濾器

Ultra-low Temperature Freezer 超低溫冰箱

Ultrasonic Cell Disruptor 超聲破碎儀

Ultraviolet Detector 紫外檢測儀

UltravioletLamp 紫外觀察燈

Urine Analyzer 尿液分析儀

UV-Visible Spectrophotometer 紫外-可見光分光光度計

Viscometer 粘度計

Voltammerter 伏安儀

Water Test Kits 水質分析儀

X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer X射線熒光光譜儀

X-RayDiffractomer X射線衍射儀